Volume > Issue > A Protestant Considers the Catholic Magisterium

A Protestant Considers the Catholic Magisterium


By David Hartman | September 1989
The Rev. David Hartman is the Minister of the Olive Branch Christian Church (Disciples of Christ) in Norge, Virginia.

“The Church of Jesus Christ upon earth is es­sentially, intentionally, and constitutionally One.” This bold declaration was made not by a Catholic — in which case it would be unexceptional — but by Thomas Campbell, a minister of the Old Light Anti-Burgher Seceder Presbyterian Church. In 1809 Campbell left his richly titled denomination behind to begin a movement that he thought would unify the broken and dismembered Body of Christ. His legacy is the Christian Church (Disciples of Christ), a Protestant denomination of which I am a minister. His legacy is also the Churches of Christ — not to mention the Christian Churches and the Church­es of Christ of North America, also known among those of us in the Campbellite tradition as the In­dependents. So much for Campbell’s contribution to the unity of the Church.

I confess: I envy those of you readers who are Catholics. You seem to have learned one of the great secrets in life, which is how to make a wheel for the long haul, and not feel compelled to rein­vent some 28,000 of them, which, according to the Oxford Encyclopedia of World Christianity, is how many identifiable Protestant denominations and sects have been established since Martin Luther wasted a good nail posting his 95 theses on the door of the Wittenburg Chapel. What you have go­ing for you, among many other things, is your Mag­isterium — your Church’s teaching authority — and I don’t think that all of you appreciate it as much as you should. So allow me, a Protestant with his nose pressed up against the Catholic windowpane, to tell you about the party you’ve got going on in­side. Maybe I’ll make you feel better about being a Catholic, in the same way that Hans Küng, God bless his heart, has tried to make me feel better about being a Protestant.

It was the personal conviction of the well-in­tentioned Thomas Campbell that the dismembered Body of Christ could be brought together if all hu­man-made and divisive creeds were discarded and the New Testament adopted as the sole authority of the Church. “No creed but Christ” became the rallying cry of the Campbellite movement. The problem, as John Leith notes in Creeds of the Churches, is that

Christianity has always been a “creedal” religion in that it has always been theo­logical…involving men in theological reflection and calling them to declara­tions of faith. A nontheological Christi­anity has simply never endured, although such has been attempted…. In the long run, organizational necessities demon­strate the need for creeds, and organiza­tional integrity requires some kind of creedal subscription.

Another failing was that Campbell, like most Protestants, made the Bible, particularly the New Testament, the sole source of Christian authority. Sola scriptura is a fine principle if the Scriptures are simply and certifiably the textus receptus of the Holy Spirit and if the answers therein exhaust all the possible questions. But the New Testament, splendid and inspired though it is, does not answer all questions. It bears remembering that the Church predates the New Testament, and that the New Testament itself is a product of the Church. When the Holy Spirit fell upon the Apostles at Pentecost, the purpose was to give birth to the Church, not to deliver a manuscript. It was the Church that took on the task of establishing the New Testament can­on; the Church that, among all the multiplicity of documents available, separated the inspired wheat from the uninspired chaff; the Church that had the obligation to proclaim that which was true about the Jesus Christ of history and reject or correct that which was not.

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