As an adopted child myself, I read Sheldon Vanaukens Discovery (June) with great interest and emotion. He comes as close as one can, I think, to the depth of loss and pain involved in adoption, without himself knowing firsthand what it is to be either the mother or the child. He comes very close. I have not yet begun a search for my birth-mother perhaps I never will, and soon (I am over 30) it will be too late but I will immediately search for Vanaukens book A Severe Mercy.
As a woman who has had an abortion, and who considers herself not pro-abortion but certainly pro-choice, I was of course disturbed by Vanaukens conclusions on this side of the issue.
When people exclaim about how grateful I must be to the mysterious woman who saved my life, I find myself responding (usually in silence, and usually long after the conversation is over) that what I feel for that woman, whom I have never met and long to know, is not so much gratitude as compassion: compassion for having to decide alone about a pregnancy she did not create alone; compassion for her fear and courage; compassion for the aching she may feel for the lost and missing child who is me. Any gratitude I feel for the joy of life is directed to a larger source of that life than the woman who chose to bear me. I feel a loving empathy for her the same empathy I have for the women (and I among them) who have chosen a different, and equally fearful, painful way.
I believe that no woman can be for abortion. But we can be for choosing honestly, humanly, responsibly, faithfully, fearfully what our reason and faith and hearts tell us is right.
I may never know my mother. I want to believe, and on most days I can, that, as we stood separately before the same terrible, lonely choice, she and I faced our choosing in the same spirit.
I have questions deep unanswerable questions but for her, not gratitude, and for myself, not regret. I would not choose ever to have another abortion. I would not choose ever to be denied the choice.
The Rev. Victoria Safford
Unitarian Society of Northampton and Florence
Vanauken: Exactly Right
My heartfelt thanks to Sheldon Vanauken his Discovery (June) was exactly the article I would have written, were I of a more literary bent.
I am an adoptee, and last fall I was reunited with my birth-mother. Our experience bore some close resemblances to what Vanauken describes in meeting Marion the joy, the tears, the exhilaration of a mystery revealed, the thrill of seeing yourself in someone elses face for the first time, the discovery of a soulmate (no one needs to tell me that my personality is genetically ordained). I am still awestruck at the entire situation this is the woman in whose womb I lived at the beginning of my existence.
I must save my heartiest Amen, though, for Vanaukens conclusion for it is indeed to see things right-side-up. When I was in college I came to realize that I was probably fortunate to have been born before Roe v. Wade if my mother had had an abortion, it would have been me who was destroyed. It made my blood run cold to realize that, in another time, I would have been a candidate for abortion me, not some faceless fetus. In time, that became my strongest motivation to search for my birth-mother I wanted to thank the woman who, at a cost of personal suffering I could only guess at, had brought me into the world.
So, my thanks to Vanauken for having eyes to see the truth behind a beautiful story, and the courage to tell it.
Craig Kellogg Galer
Meaty & Thick Protestantism
In his guest column in the July-August issue, James Prothero asks for a list of meaty Protestant authors. Assuming he means authors with a spiritual dimension to their work, Id suggest he try novelists Frederick Buechner, Reynolds Price, John Updike, and Larry Woiwode, poet W.S. Merwin, or essayist Annie Dillard for starters. Im surprised Prothero, a high school English teacher, isnt familiar with the work of any of these authors. Or perhaps they dont fit his requirements for meatiness. If not, perhaps he can let us know why these authors are not as worthy of our respect as those Catholic authors he named.
As a liberal Protestant, I must take exception to his characterization of Protestantism as inherently thin, and its implied trivialization of the Protestant faith experience. I see the essential difference between the two traditions as one of responsibility: The Catholic is answerable to the corporation in matters of faith and morals; the Protestant is answerable directly to God. Protheros failure to find spiritual depth in Protestantism is, I suggest, a matter of temperament rather than of any inherent shallowness to Protestantism. To imply that either tradition is the only one that can offer true spiritual depth is naive. And to describe a Protestants reaction to the authority of the Catholic Church as one of fear is ridiculous; we dont fear that authority, we deny it.
I dont know the percentage of Protestants who experience their faith on a deep mystical level versus the percentage of Catholics who do, but I suspect its not very different. In my own experience, Ive met as many lukewarm Catholics as Protestants.
Protestantism obviously wasnt the right approach for Prothero; it is for me, an ex-Catholic, as it is for millions of other Americans. In His house there are many mansions. In spite of what Prothero believes, there are many Protestants who are well-read, understand Catholicism, experience a thick Christianity as well as a thin Christianity, and who would die for a faith as real as his. Its unfortunate that he doesnt seem to have met many of them in his spiritual journey.
William F. Ingogly
Try John Milton
Im sure I wont be the only non-Catholic or Catholic who will suggest meaty Protestant literary figures to James Prothero (see his Jul.-Aug. guest column). Perhaps he might like to start with John Milton.
Marie Boudreaux, M.D.
St. Elizabeth Medical Center
Whippany, New Jersey
Regarding The Evolution of Liberation Theology by Fr. Arthur F. McGovern (June): Ive heard people who lean toward liberation theology say that theres no way to know or love God except by knowing and loving our fellow human beings. This, however, is contrary to Scripture, Church tradition, and the teachings of the saints, all of which agree that we can know and love God Himself as a distinct living person. I wonder how McGovern would deal with this problem in liberation theology.
Rick S. Conason
New York, New York
Crossing Ideological Lines
Since I first discovered the NOR a couple of years ago, Ive been consistently impressed by your intelligent and balanced approach, combined with your boldness in not fearing to cross the ideological lines.
Bro. Steve Eyerman, OMV
House of Theological Studies, Oblates of the Virgin Mary
Bag-lady Rhonda Chervin (June) seems quite pleased with herself.
Joseph A. Jordan
Black Canyon City, Arizona
Abortion: No Ordinary Sin
I was chagrined to read John Corts column in your May issue. He takes Bishop Austin Vaughan to task for failing to distinguish between personal and public morality. Cort argues that, according to John Courtney Murray and todays Catholic consensus, not everything that is immoral can or should be made illegal by the state. This is hardly news, however, especially to a theologian of Bishop Vaughans stature. St. Thomas Aquinas, in the Summa Theologiae, I-II, Q.96, A.2, says that the law should not punish all vices: Now human law is framed for a number of human beings, the majority of whom are not perfect in virtue. Wherefore human laws do not forbid all vices, from which the virtuous abstain, but only the more grievous vices, from which it is possible for the majority to abstain; and chiefly those that are to the hurt of others, without the prohibition of which society could not be maintained; thus human law prohibits murder, theft, and suchlike.
Bishop Vaughan never said that a politician who refuses to punish every sin is in danger of going to hell. But abortion is not just immoral. It is a terrible evil, or, to use the words of the Second Vatican Council, an abominable crime.
Gov. Mario Cuomo argues that there is no clear consensus at this time on making abortion illegal. But if a society reaches a consensus that blacks or Jews or handicapped people are dispensable and outside the protection of the law, would that justify a failure to insist on their fundamental rights (especially the right to life)? No. There is a profound moral obligation on Cuomo to try to shape consensus to bring about what elementary morality requires.
Not only is Cuomo not speaking out against abortion, he is vociferously opposing limits on it and pressing for public funding of it. Strangely, moreover, he is willing to oppose consensus on other issues, such as capital punishment. Therefore, we can only conclude, with Bishop Vaughan, that one of our brothers in the Faith is indeed co-operating materially in very serious evils, thereby putting himself in danger of hell. Charity demands that Cuomo have not only our prayers, but our honest admonitions to forsake such a terrible path.
Prof. Christopher Wolfe
Dept. of Political Science, Marquette University
Examining the Mass Media
The third New Oxford Review Forum of Los Angeles was held at Loyola Law School on June 2. Entitled Image and Spirit: Catholic Perspectives on Film and TV, it offered an examination of the power and influence of the mass media.
Fr. Elwood Kieser, producer of Romero, gave a personal account of the making of that film. Kieser and writer John Sacret Young traveled to El Salvador in 1983, at the time of the papal visit, and had firsthand encounters with the victims of repression and civil strife. The Paulist priest described the effect on him as radicalizing. He found the poverty and injustice appalling, but the Salvadoran Church the most inspiring witness to the gospels he had ever experienced. He came away determined to make the film story of the martyrdom of Archbishop Romero, and he told of the seven-year struggle financially, artistically, and spiritually involved in its creation. The project was turned down by all the television networks and major studios. (One network felt the story lacked love interest.) It was, ultimately, through the support of the Church that the necessary finances were raised. The film received mixed reviews, though largely favorable in the religious press, and was not successful commercially, but Kieser is satisfied that it bore witness to a significant number of people. He is determined to press on with similar projects.
Sr. Gretchen Hailer, an educator and media consultant to the Archdiocese of Los Angeles, presented an overview of the effects of the media, both positive and negative. She opposed a view of the media as inherently evil or corrupt, offering a reading from Matthew in which the word media was substituted for parable to suggest that each age must find its own cultural forms of understanding. She cited several examples from popular television shows, such as The Simpsons, where serious questions and genuine values are examined in the context of pop culture. Her greatest concern was the lack of systematic education about the media and the widespread passive acceptance of their content.
The third panelist was John Furia Jr., a former President of the Writers Guild of America. His perspective was personal and incisively critical. In making his personal journey as a successful writer and producer, which includes movies (The Singing Nun) and television series (Kung Fu), he discovered that his religious values made him an oddity, someone often treated as a reformed drunk at a wine-tasting. While acknowledging many talented and morally aware individuals in the media industry, he found the industry largely indifferent to morality of any sort, all the while pandering under the guise of mere entertainment. Furia proposed the need for nothing less than a revolution in the thinking within the media industry if its responsibilities are to match its overwhelming power.
In the spirited discussions that followed during the day, the Forum participants reflected a considerable awareness of the gap between religious/ethical values and the orientation of the media.
The medias attraction, often addictive, was related to the vacuum created by the decline of family and community, and the need for people in a secularized culture to seek structure and identity. It was pointed out that the limited values pushed by the media are not necessarily destructive or negative in themselves, but the relentless absolutizing of those values, whether they be aspects of consumerism or sexuality, is leading to an inevitable conflict with the religious community, and with the Catholic Church in particular. Perhaps the most damaging influence of the contemporary media, it was suggested, is the evil of banality, in which human experience is so often rendered hollow and uniform.
The next Forum, to be held in late September, will be on the nature of community, with discussion based on the book Habits of the Heart by NOR Contributing Editor Robert Bellah.
Studio City, California
Weve been privileged to receive a gift subscription (via your Scholarship Fund) to your excellent magazine. We dont want to miss it especially for the formation of our young monks. However, our funds are still very low; we have no regular income; we are just a poor monastery. May I beg you the favor of asking your friends to renew our subscription? I know publishing a magazine is expensive, so wed appreciate it even more. Be sure that the Lord will bless you and your friends.
Holy Transfiguration Monastery (Byzantine-Ukrainian Catholic)
Redwood Valley, California
Ed. Note: We collected $367 on our last Scholarship Fund Drive in May 1987. The gifts we receive for the Scholarship Fund are used exclusively to renew subscriptions for readers who express a desire to continue receiving the NOR but regretfully are unable to renew because of limited income. Those funds were exhausted with the last Scholarship Fund renewal we awarded to a family last June. We appeal to you, our readers, once again, to help us replenish our Scholarship Fund so that we may continue to respond generously to requests such as Abbot Bonifaces. Thank you for helping us maintain this important service.