December 1994By John Warwick Montgomery
The Rev. John Warwick Montgomery, a Lutheran, is a practicing barrister and Professor of Law and Humanities at the University of Luton in England.
The holiday season is upon us: a time of merriment, good fellowship, and banqueting -- and a time, for many Christians, of guilt-ridden breast-beating. How can we kill the fatted calf (even if we can still afford the inflationary beast) when others less fortunate do not have one? Should we not instead try to get by on the barest minimum, in protest against the consumer society and its values?
Ambivalently torn by competing values, believers realize dimly that they cannot reject the season's festal board without contributing to the demise of holidays that are essentially or should be holy days; yet the Puritan work ethic or a somber strain of Catholic pietism cast a dark cloud of self-doubt over the candlelit table.
I am convinced that more than a few serious Christians have so allowed their negative attitude toward "the world" to influence them that in the realm of eating, as in so many other realms (such as entertainment, dress, art, literature), they cut themselves off from God's creative gifts. I would go so far as to argue that gastronomy is not to be classed among the materialistic "lower immediacies" at the bottom of the axiological ladder of values (to use the expression of the late Edward John Carnell of Fuller Seminary), but deserves transcendental status! The deadly sin of gluttony is not the equivalent of gourmandism, but its misuse.
Many pietistic souls will be surprised to learn that throughout Scripture eating and drinking are regularly associated with events of the highest theological and spiritual importance. The Bible opens with man's fall -- described in terms of choosing to eat not what God had provided but what he had forbidden; it ends with the Marriage Supper of the Lamb, eschatologically restoring Eden and ushering in the new Heaven and new earth (Rev. 19:9). The prime representation of grace under the Old Covenant was the Passover meal, and it foreshadowed the Sacrament of the Eucharist, which our Lord expressly connects with the eternal Marriage Supper (Mt. 26:29 and parallels). The centrality of feasting in the early Church is evidenced by her agapes or love feasts, and the observance of the "feasts" or "festivals" of the saints has been a vital part of Christian worship in all the historic confessional traditions.
You have two options:
- Online subscription: Subscribe now to New Oxford Review for access to all web content at newoxfordreview.org AND the monthly print edition for as low as $38 per year.
- Single article purchase: Purchase this article for $1.95, for viewing and printing for 48 hours.
If you're already a subscriber log-in here.