The Fourth of July in Bethlehem: One Familys Tragic Story
December 1988By Dan O'Neill
Dan ONeill is an author and the founder-chairman of Mercy Corps International, a Christian relief and development agency helping the Third World poor. Among Mercy Corps Internationals programs are study tours to regions in conflict, including the Middle East. In July 1988 ONeill led a group of 15 university professors from the Christian College Consortium to Syria, Jordan, the West Bank, Gaza, and Israel to meet with key leaders who represent various perspectives in the Arab-Israeli conflict. ONeill has extensive experience in the Middle East, including frequent travel, photo journalistic coverage of the 1973 October War and the 1982 Israeli invasion of Lebanon, numerous visits to refugee camps, and more than two years of living in the area since 1973. (For further information on Mercy Corps International or its study tour programs, write to Mercy Corps International, Portland, OR 97201.)
I first met Joseph Al-Hiraymi in Jerusalem in the spring of 1988. My long-time friend Ed, a university educator who has resided in the Bethlehem area for some 15 years, brought Joseph to Franciscan recording artist John Michael Talbots concert for the poor at St. Georges Cathedral in Jerusalem. John Michael and I led a 117-person Holyland pilgrimage during Lent in order to reflect upon the resurrected Christ while visiting the holy places. These days, however, the aura of holy places has been eclipsed by a year-long rash of unholy happenings.
Since December 1987 the sharply divided peoples who inhabit this small piece of Middle East real estate have plunged into ever deeper cycles of violence and revenge. The mighty winds of Pentecost, which heralded the birth of the Church in this very region, have somehow faded, as indigenous Middle Eastern Christians, caught between the forces of Islamic fundamentalism and militant Zionism, leave in unprecedented numbers, gradually diminishing what was once a highly influential Christian presence. Nowadays Jerusalems winds are often laden with stinging clouds of tear gas and the staccato of gun fire which have fueled a tornado of violence throughout the land, leaving a trail of dead and broken bodies, the vast majority of whom are Palestinian young people.
This month marks the one-year anniversary of the Palestinian uprising, the intifada, which in Arabic literally means to shake off. It was born out of 20 years of harsh Israeli military occupation which began in the wake of the 1967 Six Day War. In December 1987 two events took place which galvanized the Palestinians into an unprecedented uprising. A young Palestinian guerilla, armed with an automatic weapon, boldly flew his motorized hang glider from southern Lebanon into an Israeli military encampment and killed six Israeli soldiers before being gunned down. Within days, in a separate incident, an Israeli vehicle plowed into a roadside gathering of Palestinians, resulting in numerous deaths and injuries a tragedy the Palestinians claim was intentional. Now, a year later, the uprising continues in the form of Palestinian demonstrations, strikes, stone throwing, and civil disobedience, which have provoked a brutal military response on the part of the Israeli Defense Forces (IDF). At this writing at least 374 Palestinians and four Israelis have died.
As Joseph joined our tour group for the March 23 evening concert, he seemed initially tense and uneasy, but he soon relaxed and enjoyed the music and worship. A Moslem from Bethlehem, he thanked us profusely for allowing him to participate in our special evening. Ill never forget his dark, handsome features and the broad, contagious smile on his bespectacled face. Joseph is a bright 23-year-old Bethlehem University English major, a top student on the Deans List. He is also a shepherd who grazes his small flock on the very hillsides visited by the angelic hosts announcing the birth of the Messiah, his familys home a little more than a stones throw from the Church of the Nativity.
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