RESCUING TOLERANCE FROM THE ROOTLESS INTELLECTUAL
Salvaging Patriotism from the Narrow Nationalist

October 1993By Jean Bethke Elshtain

Jean Bethke Elshtain is Centennial Professor of Political Science and Professor of Philosophy at Vanderbilt University, and a Contributing Editor of the NOR. She is the author of, most recently, Women and War and Power Trips and Other Journeys. Her Meditations on Modern Political Thought was recently reissued by Penn State Press.

I remember the occasion well. It was a crisp summer evening long ago in Boulder, Colorado. A friend and I took in a guest lecture at the University of Colorado. The speaker, a confident, even smug British intellectual by the name and title of Sir Julian Huxley, scion of a well?known family, pronounced an anathema against the nasty superstitions of mankind -- religion, nationalism, and atavisms of all sorts. He even predicted that within two decades -- by 1984, curiously -- religion would disappear altogether, simply evaporate in the wake of spreading Enlight­enment. The oddity of national loyalty might linger just a bit longer.

I am pleased to report that I was skeptical.

Religion, of course, remains very much with us. Academics often have trouble acknowledging this. One might respond to their insouciance in this matter with Freud's quip, "Theory is good but it doesn't prevent things from existing." Islam force­fully shapes the lives of hundreds of millions. The changes in eastern Europe are unthinkable without considering the moral power of Roman Catholicism. Eastern Orthodoxy is alive and well in Russia. Prot­estantism of the fundamentalist and charismatic sort is growing in Latin America. Indeed, religious forces of numerous varieties are profoundly affecting poli­tics and society in countless areas of the world. Sir Julian Huxley, R.I.P.

If the academy ignores religion at its peril, and in the interest of promoting orthodoxies of its own, it does pay some attention to nationalism -- but mostly in a tone best described as hand-wringing. For one of the signs of the rationalist orthodoxy is a marked disdain for particularist loyalties. Surely hu­man beings will grow up and overcome these things! As everyone knows, such confidence in the over­coming of nationalism caught intellectuals and the Left altogether unprepared for World War I and scarcely less well-equipped for many conflicts since.


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